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Brazil Fire Deaths Of Over 230 Couldn’t Happen Here – Could It?

Chris Ingram, editor of Unionsafety answers the question in this article written in a personal capacity:

With the tragic news from Brazil over this weekend were over 230 people have been killed, most from smoke inhalation, when a night club with only one exit went up in flames with over 1000 people in it; the question is not being asked – could it happen here?

Click to go to news reportIf it were to be asked, no doubt the majority of people in the UK would give a loud NO! to that question.

But what is the true risk to the public going clubbers? A lot greater than you think!!

The fact is that this Government have been cutting ALL public services since 2010, and this includes major reductions in staffing levels in hospital A&E departments, closures of A&E departments, closures of hospitals, clinics and even GP surgeries.

But we must also not forget the cuts being made to the Police, Fire Service, Ambulance Service, Coastguards Stations, Environmental Health Officers, HSE inspectors, and public health services.

Whilst not all of these services would be involved in the immediate aftermath of a major incident such as a burning nightclub full of drunken revelers, the fact is that recent major incidents have shown that emergency services have all been stretched.

With the cuts in environmental health officers and the downgrading of many public buildings, pubs and nightclubs, to low risk areas, those enforcing agencies responsible for these areas have been subjected to cuts and orders not to pro-actively deal with these areas. Further inspections by EHO are now only being allowed by some local authorities in areas of high risk, and investigations of incidents causing injuries not being allowed unless it has involved deaths or amputations.

Further due to the reduction in staffing levels and changes to enforcement practices being brought in to date, the chances of fire certificates being out of date or not existing at all, dangerous practices such as fire exists being locked or blocked making them inaccessible, or simply not existing at all; poses the greatest risk to public safety we have seen since the great Woolworth’s fire in 1979.

The Fire and Ambulance services across the country have seen major losses in staffing levels, as well to the police services.

In an event such as that which took place over the weekend in Brazil, all these services would need to be utilised.

The Fire Brigades Union, last year issued a document in which they provided the evidence and argument that the cuts and even further cuts to come, will cause injuries and even deaths.

Just two facts from the document alone make worrying reading:

* Over the last 2 years, since the coalition government came into power, around 1,500 frontline fire-fighter jobs have been lost.

* Response times are almost two minutes slower on average than a decade ago – and this masks even slower responses in some areas and to some incidents. Many fire and rescue services are missing their own targets for the arrival of the first and second appliance.

The privatisation of the supply and maintenance of equipment to the Fire Brigade in areas such as London has been directly responsible for delays in equipment renewals, equipment failures and ultimately that fact in itself poses an ongoing risk to public safety.

But the Ambulance Service does not get off the hook, and things will only get worse.

The Government has embarked on the privatisation of the NHS, and from April 2013 the responsibility for the commissioning of ambulance services transfer from primary care trusts to GP consortia. Currently, in England 11 NHA Ambulance Trusts provide all ambulance services.

Ever since 2010, all over England ambulance services are being cut and privatised, as a result of budget cuts imposed upon local National Health Trusts.

This despite the fact that the Government’s own National Audit Office says in its 10th June 2011 report into the Ambulance Service;

The ambulance service has a pivotal role to play in the performance of the entire urgent and emergency care system”

Further, the Ambulance Service is subject to a 4% cut in its budget, imposed as part of the Governments cut of £20 Billion pounds to the budget of the NHS.

NOA statisticsDelays to arrivals have resulted in patient’s lives being put at risk across the country, as reported in local and national media in the last 6 months.

In East of England Ambulance Service, front line ambulances have been withdrawn from many parts of the region, resulting in Police increasingly having to take patients to hospital in emergencies 'due to ambulance cuts' according to Steve William, Chairman of the Police Federation of England and Wales.

Further, Mark Smith, chairman of the Essex Police Federation, said he had asked federation members on Facebook how often they are taking patients to hospital.

He is quoted by the BBC news website as saying:

"The answer appears to be daily. This is due to no ambulance arriving or waits of over an hour. "It is being pointed out to me by officers on the ground. Something is going to go very, very wrong."

He said funding cuts, and not serving paramedics, was to blame for the problem.

"Police officers are stuck between a rock and a hard place," Mr Smith said. "We can't just leave people there.
"But we face a risk that if we put somebody in the car and they die, we are then looking at an Independent Police Complaints Commission investigation and the officer forever worrying whether they did the right thing."

Click to go DT news itemFigures show that rural areas of both Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire are the worst in the East Midlands for response times to 999 calls.

Yet the East Midlands Ambulance Service (EMAS) aims to close 12 out of 13 stations in Notts County, and replace them with two 'super hubs' – one in Nottingham and the other in Sutton-in-Ashfield.

But figures for the first four months of 2012-13 show Notts County meeting only 67.95 per cent of those calls on time, and Derbyshire 66.06 per cent.

UNISON's EMAS branch chair Mark Ward said he was "disappointed" by the figures and concerned by the employer’s proposals.

“It’s clearly our view that EMAS should be investing in more staff and vehicles to improve response times, not closing stations and, we believe, putting patients at risk.

"This is based on cost, not patients or improvements to response times."

In the North West ambulance services have also been detrimentally affected by budget cuts and re-organisation.
One commentator recently told Unionsafety that he had witnessed two separate incidents in the last 12 months of an emergency response ambulance with flashing blue light, clearly not knowing where to find the emergency the crew were called out to as they were seen to drive around several roads without apparent success.

The closing down of ambulance stations and transferring of staff and vehicles to large ‘hub stations’ is widespread across England.

FOI Request to NWAS NHS TrustNorth West Ambulance Service currently operates from 109 ambulance stations, which cost £1.8 million a year to maintain. They run 341 ambulances and 134 paramedic vehicles.

But as always with this government money is put before patients lives.

NWAS is currently closing down ambulance stations, opening up large hubs and introducing ‘deployment points’ being co-located with other emergency services such as Fire and Rescue, Police or NHS.

This is already being undertaken at Formby and Newton-le-Willows where the ambulance stations have been located in the Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service’s newly built stations.

This practice of having ‘deployment points’ scattered around towns and cities is a system similar to that used by Canada and The USA’s ambulance services which are all privately run, many by small businesses.

Ambulances can be seen in lay-bys, in side streets, and near motorways from time to time awaiting calls from central despatch to attend an emergency. There is no evidence that this system is any better at providing emergency services, but does provide for concern over distances covered and response times.

In Manchester Ambulance Services to non-urgent patients are being privatised with Arriva Bus Company having won the contract to provide ambulance services.

It won’t be too long before Manchester Ambulance Services budget cuts resulting in fewer staff and fewer ambulances, being covered by Arriva Buses Ambulances at emergencies and major incidents.
 
click to go to campaign websiteBut the Government set target for arrival at an emergency incident is in itself an enabler of staffing cuts, despite the fact that the 8 minute target is only hit 78% of the time according to the National Audit Office report entitled Transforming NHS Ambulance Services.

Until 1 April 2011, ambulance responses were split into three categories:

A – immediately life-threatening;
B – serious but not immediately life-threatening; or
C – not immediately serious or life-threatening

In 2011 Health Secretary Andrew Lansley abolished the target for so-called ‘category B’ emergencies – those classed as serious but not life-threatening. Since then ambulances no longer have to arrive at emergencies such as road accidents, train crashes and even explosions, within 19 minutes.

Given that fact and for all of the reasons given in this article, the answer to the question ‘Could an incident such as the Brazil nightclub fire happen here’; must be a very loud Yes!

You can download the FBU document on Fire and Rescue Services cuts here

Also the National Audit Office report entitled Transforming NHS Ambulance Services can be downloaded here

Source: FBU / NOA / MEN / BBC News / Unison /  St Helens Council / NWAS NHS Trust/ Daily Telegraph website

See also: Fire Services In Devon And Somerset To Lose 140 Front-line Posts



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